Mesothelioma: Causes, Types And Treatment
Types of Mesothelioma:
There are four types of mesothelioma: Pleural (lungs), peritoneal (abdomen), and pericardial (heart) and testicular each is named after the organ of the body where the cancer forms.
The most common type, about two-thirds of all mesothelioma cases is the pleural mesothelioma, develops in the pleural mesothelium – the lining of the lungs-, is also known as cancer of the lung lining.
The remaining cases, about one-third are peritoneal mesothelioma which forms in the peritoneum mesothelium, the membrane that lines the abdominal cavity. This is the second most common form of malignant mesothelioma and most prevalent type. The overwhelming majority of mesothelioma specialists treat patients with one of these two types. Both Pleural and peritoneal comprises nearly 90 percent of all diagnoses.
The rarest forms of mesothelioma 2 percent of all mesothelioma diagnoses occur in other mesothelium tissue the pericardial and testicular mesothelioma around the heart or in the reproductive organs.
Primary Cause of All Mesothelioma Types;
All the different types of Mesothelioma and subtypes share one common thread. They are caused primarily by a long-term, repeated exposure to asbestos, usually in the workplace. The cancer develops in mesothelium cells found in the lining membrane of the affected organs. Mesothelium membranes are made up of two different layers, and in-between these two layers the asbestos fibers is accumulated causing inflammation, these two layers are called the parietal and visceral layers. In cases of peritoneal mesothelioma, the exposure asbestos is often by ingestion the fibers.
How Is Mesothelium Cancer- Mesothelioma Found?
Mesothelium Cancer can be found through a surgical biopsy. A patient may suffer from certain symptoms such as shortness of breath, chest pains continuous loss of unknown reason of weight and a buildup of fluid within the lungs. Doctors recommend using thoracoscopy than a thoracotomy (an open surgery) when a patient is exhibiting mesothelioma symptoms, has a history of asbestos exposure. The thoracoscopy can help to identify a suspicious lesion of the cells around the lungs by reviewing them through a camera inserted through a minimal or small incision.
How It Mesothelium Cancer- Mesothelioma Treated;
• This form of peritoneal mesothelioma can be treated through a major surgery by reducing the number of the root sources of the cancer cells that can cause the condition to develop through the use of cytoreductive surgery (Debulking); it is the only surgical option.
This major surgery is particularly works in some of the most serious cases of this condition which cannot be completely excised.
• An EPP or extra pleural pneumonectomy is a surgical treatment for malignant mesothelioma occurs when the lung that has been impacted but in the early stages; It involves the removal of a lung a portion of the diaphragm, the linings of the lungs and heart (parietal pleura and pericardium) for those with severe cases of mesothelioma whose cancer is confined to the chest cavity and has not yet spread to the lymph nodes or surrounding organs.
• Some forms of radiation and chemotherapy may also be used.
Radiation and chemotherapy are one of the most widely employed treatments of malignant mesothelioma to help protecting the body and keeping it from being at risk of intensive invasion in early stages of this condition.
Few simple precautions had been advised through the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) is a must for people, who have worked in areas with asbestos, to control the problems that may come about from working particularly in shipyards areas, any industry that traditionally made use of asbestos and any businesses dedicated to asbestos removal processes. An example of simple precautions is wearing a protective gear and wearing asbestos-covered clothes. It is necessary to take great care of your health and be protected against the presence of asbestos
Mesothelioma Life Expectancy;
Getting diagnosed with malignant Mesothelioma makes most cancer patients ask “How long do I have to live?” this can be scary for many people and a hard for oncologists and members of a patient’s medical team to answer. If you are diagnosed with the Mesothelioma ICD 9 code, know that every case is different and cancer can be an unpredictable disease but still treatable and you are not alone. Those who are diagnosed still maintain a quality of life usually just a year or two because in most cases it is not detected until the disease has reached the advanced stage.
Overall, the prognosis has been improved over these past few decades, so talk to your doctor mace a consult with a medical team if you believe that you are experiencing any of the symptoms of Mesothelioma.